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Author (up) Van Langenhove, Leandro ; Depaepe, Thomas ; Verryckt, Lore T. ; Fuchslueger, Lucia ; Donald, Julian ; Celine, Leroy ; Krishna Moorthy, Sruthi M. ; Gargallo-Garriga, Albert ; Farnon Ellwood, M. D.; Verbeeck, Hans ; Van Der Straeten, Dominique ; Penuelas, Josep ; Janssens, Ivan A. doi  openurl
  Title Comparable canapy and soil free living nitrogen fixation rates in e lowland tropical forest Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication Science of the total environment Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 754 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Biodiversité ; Systématique ; phylogénie ; taxonomie ; Ecologie, Environnement ; Ecosystèmes ; Biologie végétale ; Botanique ; Biodiversité  
  Abstract Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is a fundamental part of nitrogen cycling in tropical forests, yet little is known about the contribution made by free-living nitrogen fixers inhabiting the often-extensive forest canopy. We used the acetylene reduction assay, calibrated with 15N2, to measure free-living BNF on forest canopy leaves, vascular epiphytes, bryophytes and canopy soil, as well as on the forest floor in leaf litter and soil. We used a combination of calculated and published component densities to upscale free-living BNF rates to the forest level. We found that bryophytes and leaves situated in the canopy in particular displayed high mass-based rates of free-living BNF. Additionally, we calculated that nearly 2 kg of nitrogen enters the forest ecosystem through free-living BNF every year, 40% of which was fixed by the various canopy components. Our results reveal that in the studied tropical lowland forest a large part of the nitrogen input through free-living BNF stems from the canopy, but also that the total nitrogen inputs by free-living BNF are lower than previously thought and comparable to the inputs of reactive nitrogen by atmospheric deposition.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Anglais Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 1006  
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