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Author Cachet, N.; Hoakwie, F.; Bertani, S.; Bourdy, G.; Deharo, E.; Stien, D.; Houel, E.; Gornitzka, H.; Fillaux, J.; Chevalley, S.; Valentin, A.; Jullian, V.
Title Antimalarial Activity of Simalikalactone E, a New Quassinoid from Quassia amara L. (Simaroubaceae) Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Abbreviated Journal Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
Volume 53 Issue 10 Pages 4393-4398
Keywords
Abstract We report the isolation and identification of a new quassinoid named simalikalactone E (SkE), extracted from a widely used Amazonian antimalarial remedy made out of Quassia amara L. (Simaroubaceae) leaves. This new molecule inhibited the growth of Plasmodium falciparum cultured in vitro by 50%, in the concentration range from 24 to 68 nM, independently of the strain sensitivity to chloroquine. We also showed that this compound was able to decrease gametocytemia with a 50% inhibitory concentration sevenfold lower than that of primaquine. SkE was found to be less toxic than simalikalactone D (SkD), another antimalarial quassinoid from Q. amara, and its cytotoxicity on mammalian cells was dependent on the cell line, displaying a good selectivity index when tested on nontumorogenic cells. In vivo, SkE inhibited murine malaria growth of Plasmodium vinckei petteri by 50% at 1 and 0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day, by the oral or intraperitoneal routes, respectively. The contribution of quassinoids as a source of antimalarial molecules needs therefore to be reconsidered.
Address [Cachet, N.; Hoakwie, F.; Bourdy, G.; Deharo, E.; Chevalley, S.; Valentin, A.; Jullian, V.] Univ Toulouse, UPS, Lab Pharmacochim Subst Nat & Pharmacophores Redox, UMR 152, F-31062 Toulouse 9, France, Email: jullian@cict.fr
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0066-4804 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) ISI:000270020600047 Approved no
Call Number EcoFoG @ eric.marcon @ Serial 103
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