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Author Cachet, N.; Hoakwie, F.; Bertani, S.; Bourdy, G.; Deharo, E.; Stien, D.; Houel, E.; Gornitzka, H.; Fillaux, J.; Chevalley, S.; Valentin, A.; Jullian, V.
Title Antimalarial Activity of Simalikalactone E, a New Quassinoid from Quassia amara L. (Simaroubaceae) Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Abbreviated Journal Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
Volume 53 Issue 10 Pages 4393-4398
Abstract We report the isolation and identification of a new quassinoid named simalikalactone E (SkE), extracted from a widely used Amazonian antimalarial remedy made out of Quassia amara L. (Simaroubaceae) leaves. This new molecule inhibited the growth of Plasmodium falciparum cultured in vitro by 50%, in the concentration range from 24 to 68 nM, independently of the strain sensitivity to chloroquine. We also showed that this compound was able to decrease gametocytemia with a 50% inhibitory concentration sevenfold lower than that of primaquine. SkE was found to be less toxic than simalikalactone D (SkD), another antimalarial quassinoid from Q. amara, and its cytotoxicity on mammalian cells was dependent on the cell line, displaying a good selectivity index when tested on nontumorogenic cells. In vivo, SkE inhibited murine malaria growth of Plasmodium vinckei petteri by 50% at 1 and 0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day, by the oral or intraperitoneal routes, respectively. The contribution of quassinoids as a source of antimalarial molecules needs therefore to be reconsidered.
Address [Cachet, N.; Hoakwie, F.; Bourdy, G.; Deharo, E.; Chevalley, S.; Valentin, A.; Jullian, V.] Univ Toulouse, UPS, Lab Pharmacochim Subst Nat & Pharmacophores Redox, UMR 152, F-31062 Toulouse 9, France, Email: jullian@cict.fr
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0066-4804 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes ISI:000270020600047 Approved no
Call Number EcoFoG @ eric.marcon @ Serial 103
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