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Author (up) Odonne, G.; Bourdy, G.; Beauchene, J.; Houel, E.; Stien, D.; Chevolot, L.; Deharo, E. openurl 
  Title From Tonic-cups to Bitter-cups: Kwasi bita beker from Suriname Determination, past and present use of an ancient galenic artefact Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of Ethnopharmacology Abbreviated Journal J. Ethnopharmacol.  
  Volume 110 Issue 2 Pages 318-322  
  Keywords Tonic-cup; Bitter-cup; Quassia amara; Suriname; traditional remedy  
  Abstract In the main markets of Paramaribo (Suriname), many stands offer what is locally called “Bitter-cups”, or “Kwasi bita beker”, small footed-cups, roughly carved from a whitish wood. The use of these cups is strictly medicinal and it seems to be restricted to Suriname, as they are not found in neighbouring countries (Guyana, French Guiana). The aim of this study was to identify the botanical origin of Bitter-cups still in use in the Saramaka traditional medicine (as information from field people was controversial), and document the ethnopharmacology of this original galenical artefact. Microscopic and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses were carried out on Bitter-cup, and anatomical criteria (marginal parenchyma band, size of intervessel and vessel-ray pits, rays width and rays composition, vessels clustering, frequency and size of parenchyma pits) together with HPLC profiles of the macerates showed that the wood cup was similar to Quassia amara L. (Simaroubaceae) wood. Ethnopharmacological investigation indicates that the use of these cups is simply due to the pharmacological properties attributed to “bitters”, and is strongly linked to tradition and cultural attitudes. This study also emphasizes the long lasting use of these cups, now restricted to Suriname only, with almost no variation over one century. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address Univ Toulouse 3, Ctr IRD, UMR 152, F-97323 Cayenne, France, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0378-8741 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI:000245486900012 Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ eric.marcon @ Serial 166  
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