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Author (up) Esquivel-Muelbert, A.; Phillips, O.L.; Brienen, R.J.W.; Fauset, S.; Sullivan, M.J.P.; Baker, T.R.; Chao, K.-J.; Feldpausch, T.R.; Gloor, E.; Higuchi, N.; Houwing-Duistermaat, J.; Lloyd, J.; Liu, H.; Malhi, Y.; Marimon, B.; Marimon Junior, B.H.; Monteagudo-Mendoza, A.; Poorter, L.; Silveira, M.; Torre, E.V.; Dávila, E.A.; del Aguila Pasquel, J.; Almeida, E.; Loayza, P.A.; Andrade, A.; Aragão, L.E.O.C.; Araujo-Murakami, A.; Arets, E.; Arroyo, L.; Aymard C, G.A.; Baisie, M.; Baraloto, C.; Camargo, P.B.; Barroso, J.; Blanc, L.; Bonal, D.; Bongers, F.; Boot, R.; Brown, F.; Burban, B.; Camargo, J.L.; Castro, W.; Moscoso, V.C.; Chave, J.; Comiskey, J.; Valverde, F.C.; da Costa, A.L.; Cardozo, N.D.; Di Fiore, A.; Dourdain, A.; Erwin, T.; Llampazo, G.F.; Vieira, I.C.G.; Herrera, R.; Honorio Coronado, E.; Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, I.; Jimenez-Rojas, E.; Killeen, T.; Laurance, S.; Laurance, W.; Levesley, A.; Lewis, S.L.; Ladvocat, K.L.L.M.; Lopez-Gonzalez, G.; Lovejoy, T.; Meir, P.; Mendoza, C.; Morandi, P.; Neill, D.; Nogueira Lima, A.J.; Vargas, P.N.; de Oliveira, E.A.; Camacho, N.P.; Pardo, G.; Peacock, J.; Peña-Claros, M.; Peñuela-Mora, M.C.; Pickavance, G.; Pipoly, J.; Pitman, N.; Prieto, A.; Pugh, T.A.M.; Quesada, C.; Ramirez-Angulo, H.; de Almeida Reis, S.M.; Rejou-Machain, M.; Correa, Z.R.; Bayona, L.R.; Rudas, A.; Salomão, R.; Serrano, J.; Espejo, J.S.; Silva, N.; Singh, J.; Stahl, C.; Stropp, J.; Swamy, V.; Talbot, J.; ter Steege, H.; Terborgh, J.; Thomas, R.; Toledo, M.; Torres-Lezama, A.; Gamarra, L.V.; van der Heijden, G.; van der Meer, P.; van der Hout, P.; Martinez, R.V.; Vieira, S.A.; Cayo, J.V.; Vos, V.; Zagt, R.; Zuidema, P.; Galbraith, D. doi  openurl
  Title Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Nature Communications Abbreviated Journal Nat. Commun.  
  Volume 11 Issue 5515 Pages  
  Keywords bioclimatology; carbon sink; ecological modeling; growth; holistic approach; mortality; mortality risk; risk factor; survival; trade-off; tropical forest; article; climate; controlled study; forest; growth rate; human; mortality rate; mortality risk; survival; biological model; biomass; Brazil; carbon sequestration; ecology; ecosystem; environmental monitoring; growth, development and aging; proportional hazards model; risk factor; tree; tropic climate; Amazonia; carbon dioxide; Biomass; Brazil; Carbon Dioxide; Carbon Sequestration; Ecology; Ecosystem; Environmental Monitoring; Forests; Models, Biological; Proportional Hazards Models; Risk Factors; Trees; Tropical Climate  
  Abstract The carbon sink capacity of tropical forests is substantially affected by tree mortality. However, the main drivers of tropical tree death remain largely unknown. Here we present a pan-Amazonian assessment of how and why trees die, analysing over 120,000 trees representing > 3800 species from 189 long-term RAINFOR forest plots. While tree mortality rates vary greatly Amazon-wide, on average trees are as likely to die standing as they are broken or uprooted—modes of death with different ecological consequences. Species-level growth rate is the single most important predictor of tree death in Amazonia, with faster-growing species being at higher risk. Within species, however, the slowest-growing trees are at greatest risk while the effect of tree size varies across the basin. In the driest Amazonian region species-level bioclimatic distributional patterns also predict the risk of death, suggesting that these forests are experiencing climatic conditions beyond their adaptative limits. These results provide not only a holistic pan-Amazonian picture of tree death but large-scale evidence for the overarching importance of the growth–survival trade-off in driving tropical tree mortality. © 2020, The Author(s).  
  Address Tropenbos International, Wageningen, Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Nature Research Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 20411723 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 945  
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